Journal of Geographical Sciences ›› 2006, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 34-44.doi: 10.1007/s11442-006-0104-4

• Climate and Environmental Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Microclimatic characteristics of the Heihe oasis in the hyperarid zone of China

FENG Qi, SI Jianhua, ZHANG Yanwu, YAO Jiming, LIU Wei, SU Yonghong   

  1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2005-10-15 Revised:2006-12-10 Online:2006-03-25 Published:2006-03-25
  • Supported by:

    The Hundred Talent Foundation, No.2003401; Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX3-SW-329

Abstract:

The microclimate of a desert oasis in hyperarid zone of China was monitored using micrometeorological methods and compared with those of areas adjacent to forested land. Differences in ground-level photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) on clear, cloudy and dust storm days and their subtending causes are analysed and discussed. Desert oases serve the ecological functions of altering solar radiation, adjusting near-ground and land surface temperatures, reducing soil temperature differences, lowering wind velocity, and increasing soil and atmospheric humidity. The total solar radiation in the interior of the oasis was roughly half of that outside a forest canopy. During the growing season, air temperatures in Populus euphratica Oliv. (poplar) and Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. (tamarisk) forests were 1.62 °C and 0.83 °C lower respectively than those in the areas around the forests. Furthermore, the taller the forest cover, the greater the temperature drops; air temperatures in the upper storey were greater than those in the lower storey, i.e., air temperature rose with increasing height. Over the growing season, the relative humidities of the air in the poplar and tamarisk forests were 8.5% and 4.2% higher respectively than those in areas around the forests. Mean wind velocity in poplar-forested lands was 0.33 m s-1, 2.31 m s-1 lower than that in the surrounding area. During dust storm days the PAR was significantly lower than that on cloudy or clear days, when it was high and varied in an irregular manner.

Key words: hyperarid zone, desert oasis, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), microclimate